Quick impact interventions restored essential infrastructure in Southern Syria, including water, wastewater, electricity, transportation, solid waste, markets, public buildings and agriculture.
The protracted conflict in Syria resulted in increased damage to infrastructure and an alarming reduction in essential services at both the community and governorate levels. While much of the damage occurred during armed clashes, the suspension of public utility institutions and the absence of financial support contributed to a decline in adequate local infrastructure. Large numbers of internally displaced persons strained existing services and tended to accelerate the aging of infrastructure.
The USAID-funded Essential Services – South (ES-S) program assessed damage to infrastructure in communities across four Governorates in Southern Syria comprised of Dar’a, Quneitra, Rif Damascus, and As-Sweida. ES-S used innovative tools developed by IRD in other conflict countries to conduct detailed assessments despite severe travel limitations. Utilizing assessment results, ES-S addressed the most pressing gaps in community level infrastructure through quick impact interventions to restore essential services in eight sectors. These sectors included water, wastewater, electricity, transportation, solid waste, markets, public use structures, and agricultural infrastructure. In total, the program created 103 community profiles to gather assessment data and implemented 93 interventions in 42 communities to restore the most critical services.
The assessment information produced by ES-S is being used to inform and guide other interventions and broaden the understanding of needs across the donor community. To this end, ES-S also completed several studies related to the various essential services sectors. Studies included analyses of existing water reservoirs, agricultural, wastewater, and electricity infrastructure in Southern Syria. ES-S also assessed and evaluated the impacts and effectiveness of restored services in post intervention communities, focusing on community governance capacity building.