Conflict Mitigation Assistance for Civilians


Helping civilian victims of conflict in Afghanistan recover and rebuild







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Assisting Victims

Starting in 2018, we worked across all 34 provinces in Afghanistan to meet the needs of civilian victims who have suffered loss of life, physical injury, or loss of livelihoods amidst conflict. In the aftermath of events, we delivered humanitarian assistance packages to support recovering families with food and household items. We also provided tailored assistance for victims with more specific needs, including connecting people to medical treatment, physical rehabilitation, prosthetic fitting, and counseling to help with trauma. Following a pause in activities late 2021 amidst government shifts in Afghanistan, the Conflict Mitigation Assistance for Civilians (COMAC) team resumed work to support civilian victims and deliver critically needed aid.

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Rebuilding Livelihoods

When a primary breadwinner was injured or killed, or an entrepreneur’s business is damaged, we worked with victims to re-establish their livelihoods. Our teams identified ways to replace lost income or create new opportunities through vocational training, provision of equipment or livestock, or repairs to help business owners reopen. By combining immediate assistance with a focus on ensuring earning potential, victims were empowered to recover physically while rebuilding their lives to move forward.

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Building Capacity

Local governance capacity building activities were put on hold in late 2021 to refocus COMAC efforts on delivery of victims’ services and humanitarian aid. COMAC will improve capacity of community groups, CSOs, and volunteer groups to support provision of victims’ assistance and humanitarian aid. The nationwide incident management system developed by COMAC continued to help the team monitor cases and ensure that victims were receiving timely support and services.

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Raising Awareness

Improved victims’ services are only effective if communities are aware of what is available. Engagement with civil society organizations and health service providers helped to increase understanding and facilitate coordination—leading to improved services and support for victims.